The dissertation is dedicated to the study of cultural contacts, trade routes and the exchange of commodities on the Lycian coast. The focus of the research is placed on the ancient polis Antiphellos. Due to its convenient location on the main trade routes of the Mediterranean worldit represents a perfect example of an export orientated, culturally diverse influenced port city. Taking into account literary, epigraphic and archaeological evidence, the aim is to explore economic and socio-political phenomena that had impact on the development of the polis. Key aspect is the study of underwater archaeological findings off the coast of Antiphellosbecause this promises direct evidence for the involvement of the polis in the regional and national Mediterranean trading network.
Underwater Archaeological research on the Lycian coasthas been conducted in the early 1960s and 1980s. It resulted in the discovery of the wreck of Cape Gelidonia and Cape Uluburun nearKaş and provided evidence that the Lycian coast was involved in a wide network of trade relationsalready in the Bronze Age. In the following years however, studies on the Lycian coast focused mainly on further evidence of a Bronze Age trade network, while younger periods were inadequately covered. Therefore,under consideration of their historical context and in relation to the port city Antiphellos, the dissertation project provides an excellent opportunity to study underwater archaeological sites in a clearly defined area.
Questions regarding the importance of the port city in ancient times, the nature and extent of cultural contacts and trade relations or the use of transport and trade routes are highlighted in the thesis and thus make a major contribution to the understanding of interactions between culture and economy.
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Michael Heinzelmann, Prof. Dr. Winfried Held (Marburg), Prof. Dr. Winfried Schenk